FC Orenburg (Russian: ФК «Оренбург») is a Russian professional football club from Orenburg, founded in 1976. It plays in the second-highest Russian Football National League. It played professionally from 1976 to 1982 and from 1989 on. Before 1976 another Orenburg team, Lokomotiv Orenburg, played professionally, including 3 seasons in the second-highest Soviet First League in 1960–62. In 1989 Gazovik was called Progress Orenburg. Gazovik began Russian League at Zone 5 of Second League and relegated from Zone 6 from one to Third League in 1993. They stayed in Zone 5 of Third League until 1997 season, when they returned to third level. They finished Ural Povolzhye (Volga Region in Russian) as runner-up in 2006, 2007 and 2008 seasons and finally promoted to the Russian First League in 2010.
On 2 May 2016, the club secured top-two finish in the 2015–16 Russian National Football League and with that, the promotion to the Russian Football Premier League for the 2016–17 season for the first time in club's history.
On 25 May 2016, the club was renamed from its historical name FC Gazovik Orenburg to FC Orenburg